Joseph Fernand Henri Léger was born in Argentan, France, in 1881. Trained as an architect, he supported himself as an architectural draftsman in Paris before turning to painting.
Léger’s career was interrupted in 1914, when he was mobilized to serve in the French Army for two years during World War I. While at the front in Argonne, Léger sketched artillery equipment, airplanes and fellow soldiers. This stark reality jolted him from the abstract art that had marked his style before the war, and when the war ended, Léger began his so-called “mechanical period,” concentrating on realistic, orderly urban scenes celebrating workers, circuses, picnics and everyday objects.
In the 1950s, Léger began to explore mosaics, stained glass, ceramics and tapestry, and their relationship to architecture. He received many commissions to create art in architectural settings, including a pair of murals in the General Assembly Hall of the United Nations headquarters in New York, a mosaic for the Church of Notre-Dame de Toute Grâce, ten stained glass windows for the church at Courfaivre, Switzerland as well as stained glass windows for the University of Caracas in Venezuela.
Léger died in 1955, but his work can be found today in major museums around the world. The Fernand Léger Museum in Biot, France, traces the artist’s development from 1905 through 1955.
Throughout his career Fernand Léger created numerous images of women and parrots in a variety of media, including painting, printmaking, and sculpture. In this unpainted bronze version, the artist uses overlapping shapes to create the illusion of depth. Léger studied architecture before turning to painting. Late in his career he produced murals, mosaics, and stained glass that explored the relationship of art and architecture. One edition of this bronze sculpture entitled Femmes au Perroquet is installed on the exterior wall of the Fernand Léger Museum in Biot, France.
ABOUT THE ARTIST
ABOUT THE SCULPTURE
Femmes Au Perroquet, 1952
134.75″ x 194.5″ x 16″
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Scarecrow, 2006 Tom Claassen
Untitled (Two Rabbits), 2004 Jonathan Clarke
Lifestyle, 2006 Niki de Saint Phalle
Adam & Eve, 1985-1989 Jim Dine
Big White Gloves, Big Four Wheels, 2008 Mark di Suvero
Aesop’s Fables, 1990 Jean-Michel Folon
Voyage, 1999 Laura Ford
Bird, 2007 Keith Haring
Untitled (Ringed Figure), 1987 Käi
Love Vs. Money, 2017 Fernand Léger
Femmes Au Perroquet, 1952 Aristide Maillol
La Riviere, 1938 – 1943 Ju Ming
Tai Chi Singlewhip, 1998 Igor Mitoraj
Eros Bendato, 1999 Julian Opie
Kiera & Julian Walking, 2002
Bruce & Sara Walking, 2007 Tom Otterness
Kindly Geppetto, 2001 Mimmo Paladino
Zenit, 1999 Martin Puryear
Untitled (Bench), 2008 George Rickey
Four Rectangles Oblique, 1979 Tony Smith
Night, 1962 Bernar Venet
2 Arcs X 4, 230.5 Degree, Arc X 5, 1999-2000 Erwin Wurm
Big Suit, 2010 Kan Yasuda
Door of Return, 2001 Jack Youngerman